The majority of Lithuanian refugees, however, moved towards the only country within reach that was not occupied by the Soviets, namely to Germany. Sara Neumann carries her luggage labled with an address in New York as she leaves the Deggendorf displaced persons camp. camp and held June 30, 1946. Foehrenwald, Germany, c.1948. They immediately started to restore activities of Latvian culture, professional, academic, economic and political organisations to the extent possible in the conditions of the occupied Germany. Box/Folder 119 : 1. Baltic States* were formerly independent republics of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, sometimes including Finland. After World War II, it was part of the British Occupation Zone in West Berlin and the Spandau Prison, built in 1876, was used to house Nazi war criminals who were sentenced to imprisonment at the Nuremberg Trials. DP Camps in Germany. Combat operations, ethnic cleansing, genocide, and general fear resulted in millions of people being uprooted from their original homes in the course of World War II, becoming displaced. Later in 1945, the running of the camps was handed over to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and then later to the International Refugee Organisation (IRO) in 1947. More than 700 singers participated, the combined choir concert closing with "Tev mūžam dzīvot, Latvija!" A "displaced persons camp" is a temporary facility for displaced persons, whether refugees or internally displaced persons. … German DP camps La-Li. By sea from Ventspils (Gotenhafen) 8500 One German officer hummed the Beer Barrel Polka in between shooting people in the back of the head. Most refugees in 1945 were located in the so called ‘displaced person’ or DP camps in Germany. Many Latvian people were coercively evacuated by the Nazi occupation authorities. Displaced Persons from Bergen-Belsen moved to Sweden - 24 July 1945 (ID: 20543) Bergen-Belsen [DP camp] Germany . Föhrenwald was a large DP camp converted from slave labourer’s accommodation. It appears the AEF identity cards the Allies began issuing in 1945 to refugees, showing parents‘ names, birthplace, occupation, and “destination”. While still in the DP camps in Germany, Janis CIRKSIS joined the Latvian chapter of the YMCA and became the treasurer. $75.05. They sought to leave Germany, and in many cases, Europe as a whole. By this time many displaced persons had been repatriated to their countries of origin or resettled in new countries as part of the post-war immigration programmes of Allied nations. The group will travel by train to Marseilles, where it will embark for Haifa. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II in West Germany and in Austria, as well as in the United Kingdom, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps. The proportion of men and women was 56%:44% respectively. Initially, the camp housed both Jewish DPs and non-Jewish deportees from East European countries who had been sent to the area by the Nazis to do Refugees were officially referred to as the displaced persons (abbreviated as DP). Box/Folder 119 : 8. Those who arrived before the summer 1944 (workers etc.) Photos, E-mail inquiries, research links . The early 1950s marked the end of post-World War II displaced persons camps in Germany as the IRO’s administrative activities began to draw to a close. In the summer of 1945, at the end of the war, there were 107 000 refugees from Latvia in West Germany, i.e. In the summer 1945, Displaced Persons camps in Germany epitomized a place of contrasts and paradoxes. $128.79. 45.5% lived in the British Zone, 52% in the USA Zone and 2.5% in the French Zone. From 1950, the DP camps change the inhabitants into German administration, change any longer so strongly, do not have however partly still live for many decades in the camps, until by the end of the 50's they could move into subsidized low-rent housings. Memmingen camp, 1947. The Germans filled all the trenches dug on July 8 with the bodies of the persons murdered on July 9, but there were still a lot of people left alive whom they had intended to kill. (Getty Images) By ... Those from Latvia, Estonia, Poland and Yugoslavia were resettled elsewhere. The Displaced Persons Camps and Centers in the American Zone of Germany were established by UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency) and the U.S. Army in order to provide care to thousands of former inmates of Nazi concentration camps and forced labor units. Box/Folder 119 : 2-5. Contactez DPD Germany et obtenez des documents sur l'API REST. The author mentioned he came to the United States as a Displaced Person (D.P. It presents the history of the refugee camps since their formation, their international background and daily activities, until their closing and … 640 640 640 640 640 640 I believe that this is another photo must also be of the YMCA committee though I can't say for certain. Celle, #2511, Land Niedersachsen (British zone) Stadtarchiv Celle Westerceller Str. Refugees were officially referred to as the displaced persons (abbreviated as DP). Hanna Abaszidze (nee Trebert) 1916-1950 Hanna was born in Warsaw, and married in 1937 to Wachtang Abaszidze, a Captain of the 13th Division of the Polish Army. Most appalling to the Jewish refugees was their intermingling in the camps with Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, and others who had collaborated … shipping: + $3.18 shipping . In 1949 new reasons arose for reorganisation of refugee camps in relation to the increasing number of emigrating people and gradual transfer of refugees under German administration. The Arolsen Archives, which hold the UNRRA/IRO and ITS records for prisoners of war, dp camps, and displaced persons are now searchable on line. Two mannequins tell an interesting story. Inmates mostly had come from German internment camps such as Liebenau, Biberach, Wurzach; camp 10b for Polish Jews who had come from different Nazi concentration camps. Officially, it was the Salaspils Police Prison and Re-Education Through Labor Camp (Polizeigefängnis und Arbeitserziehungslager). While the guards in this operation were Latvian, the supervisors were entirely German. In 1947, they were joined by a further wave of Jewish refugees from Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania, and the total number of DP camp inhabitants reached a peak of some 250,000. In the summer of 1945, at the end of the war, there were 107 000 refugees from Latvia in West Germany, i.e. Hochfeld camp, 1946-1947. camp and held June 30, 1946. Laufen. There were separate camps for the displaced persons – the so-called emigration camps and emigrant passage camps . We see a Latvian choral group from Munich as well as the Lithuanian chorus “Dainava” giving a concert in Hanau, Germany, in 1946. While still in the DP camps in Germany, Janis CIRKSIS joined the Latvian chapter of the YMCA and became the treasurer. Title: DP Camps in Germany. ID: RG 294.2 Extent Information . Augsburg camp, 1946. - US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Samuel B. Zisman ( See archival information ) The term "Displaced Person" (and its acronym "DP") was used by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and by the Allied military commands to describe the persecutees driven by … Two years after the end of World War II in Europe, some 850,000 people lived in displaced persons camps … By mid-1947, 250,000 Jews lived in Displaced Persons camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy. DP facilities were quickly arranged in former German military barracks, labors camps and schools, although UNRRA was surprised to discover that as many as 2 million displaced foreigners remaining in Germany and Austria had no intention of returning to their native lands. Box/Folder 119 : 6-7. In 1946 UNRRA started to close down the small camps by means of merging and creating bigger camps. One is a man dressed in a tuxedo. Lit. During the war, it had been a Wehrmacht (German Army) compound and barracks, named Saarburg Kaserne. Soldiers 1944/1945 40 000 It was a short note, just a request for information about a troopship listed on this website. Have been scanned and are searchable by last name , first name, and birthdate. Camp postal workers distributed the mail to the camp residents. The military had assumed that practically all of the Displaced Persons would be sent to their countries of origin. Conditions in these camps, especially at the beginning, were very difficult. She is a distant relative of my wife, whose family history I am researching. It was opened in June 1945 and was situated south-west of Munich in the American zone of occupied Germany. 1946 GERMANY #530-56 PARTIAL MNH SHEETS COMPLETE SET ALLIED … DP Camp Research My goal is to give a voice to a forgotten history of Baltic Displaced Person camps in Germany after WWII. A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons coerced into forced migration. The remaining refugees were concentrated in particular areas. By conducting extensive research through interviews, historical documentation, and the production of a significant body of work, I want to raise larger questions of the nature of home and homelessness, exile and uprooting. LOT OF 1 QUARTER Stamp .-.Germany stamps- $41.00 + shipping . Oct. 1, 2013. They decided to remain in the DP camps until they could leave Europe. We learn that the folk costume was made by Rita Treija, a Latvian displaced person in the Esslingen DP camp. In addition 4600 Latvians found themselves in Sweden, 2100 in Denmark and 2200 in Austria in the summer of 1945. item HT 31061 Bookmark - Latvian, Woven, Displaced Persons' Camp Craft, Germany, circa 1945-1951 Migration & Cultural Diversity, Home & Community Strip of Latvian weaving, probably used for a bookmark, collected by UN World War II displaced persons' camp worker Esma Banner between 1945 and 1951. These displaced persons (DP) camps were in the occupied zones of Germany, Austria and Italy. Various materials and addenda appear at the end, as well as materials related to German DP camps in the British and French zones. Salaspils camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Riga (), in Salaspils.The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. Most of them – about 175,000 – were in Germany in the American zone. The first inhabitants of these camps were concentration camp survivors who had been liberated by the Allies on German soil. In the summer of 1945 the Latvians in West Germany were situated in over more than 300 refugee camps maintained by the UNRRA (United Nation Relief and Rehabilitation Administration – founded in 9 November 1943). Printer-friendly. One is a man dressed in a tuxedo. By conducting extensive research through interviews, historical documentation, and the production of a significant body of work, I want to raise larger questions of the nature of home and homelessness, exile and uprooting. Inclusive Dates: 1945-1952. Until the second half of 1946 there was an increasing movement of refugees from east to west, and at the beginning of 1947 the number of Jewish displaced persons stabilized at around 210,000. … $109.47. Arrangement . Displaced persons' camps in Europe and migration around the world. The joint exhibition “Refugees from the Baltic Countries in German Camps 1944–1951” was developed by the National Archives of Estonia, the Latvian National Archives, the Martynas Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania, the NPA Baltic Heritage Network and many supporters. Although the JRU was a small relief organisation with a short life, it had an extraordinary impact. Hochfeld and Augsburg camps, 1946. The first Latvian song festival in Germany was organized together with the nearby Mercfelda ( Märzfeld) Latvian D.P. At the beginning of 1945 there were 171 000 residents of Latvia in the German Reich. The number of refugees in Germany was increased by the workers sent there during Nazi occupation, prisoners and concentration camp captives, as well as the Latvian soldiers transported to Germany. The first Latvian song festival in Germany was organized together with the nearby Mercfelda (Märzfeld) Latvian D.P. Germany 1946 Baltic DP cover Augsburg DP Camp Hochfeld Estonia Latvia Lit. DPs still languished behind barbed wires after the Allied armies had liberated the concentration camps. By sea from Liepâja (Gotenhafen) 40 000 Total 171 000, Arrival of Latvian civilian refugees in Germany, By sea from Riga (mainly to Danzig) 34 000 The displaced persons camps and centers in Germany came into existence in 1945 as a result of the liberation of masses of inmates from the Nazi concentration camps and forced labor units. We learn that this is the tuxedo that Lithuanian tenor Stasys Baras wore at all the concerts he gave in Germany after the war. As in many other Baltic-population DP camps, a high value was placed on education. Study guide for all the 1945-1949 holocaust of all nationalities during World War II, Ukrainians, Polish, Germans, Latvians, Estonians, Italians, French, Yugoslavs, Catholic, Orthodox, Jews and other religions. DP Camps in Germany. The original plan for the DP camps was to repatriate people to their country of origin as quickly as possible. It consisted of two camps: camp 10a for Jews mostly of Austrian or German origin who had so-called "promesas" of South American states which were not valid anymore. Janis is on the far left in this photo. With the USSR Red Army approaching the eastern border of Latvia in the summer of 1944, an extensive refugee flow of Latvian population started westwards. Peter's parents fled twice . The Latvian refugees that were gathered in the DP camps felt like a community of the Latvian nationals. However, there remained a significant number of displaced persons … 1947. But being a DP is as much a state of mind as it is of residency. Photos, E-mail inquiries, research links . Displaced Persons - DP Camps in Germany - Fr Back to FA-FO camps . Ukrainian DP-Scouts from Germany also took part in the 6th World Jamboree. Officially, it was the Salaspils Police Prison and Re-Education Through Labor Camp (Polizeigefängnis und Arbeitserziehungslager). The pair watches as the Latvian family wanders lost through a bombed-out Germany, are picked up by Lutheran aid workers, and are brought to DP Camp Valka. In some camps, German police, some of them ex-Nazis, were placed in charge, and in one famous incident in Stuttgart in 1946, 200 German policemen accompanied by dogs raided a Jewish assembly center in search of black market goods and killed one DP. ), which the singers had to repeat multiple times in encore. Study guide & statistics for all the 1945-1949 forgotten holocaust of all nationalities during World War II, Very comprehensive, includes: Ukrainians, Polish, Germans, Latvians, Estonians, Italians, French, Yugoslavs, Catholic, Orthodox, and others. DP camps in Germany. Refugees established communities in displaced persons (DP) camps across Germany. DP facilities were quickly arranged in former German military barracks, labors camps and schools, although UNRRA was surprised to discover that as many as 2 million displaced foreigners remaining in Germany and Austria had no intention of returning to their native lands. Civilian refugees in 1944 (August - December) 102 500 Jewish youngsters dance the traditional hora at train side in Munich as they prepare to leave Germany for Israel . Germany 1947 Baltic DP cover Augsburg DP Camp Hochfeld Estonia Latv. Seeing as no one cared about the people remaining in the DP camps, the West German government gradually disbanded the camp network, providing German citizenship to those left behind and closing the Fohrenwald camp, the last to go, in 1957. The Landsberg displaced persons (DP) camp was located in Landsberg am Lech, near Munich, in the American zone. The other mannequin is a woman dressed in a traditional Latvian folk costume. It appears the AEF identity cards the Allies began issuing in 1945 to refugees, showing parents‘ names, birthplace, occupation, and “destination”. My great grandmother, Alexandra Lentzkow was forced to flee Latvia and somehow ended up in a DP camp in Denmark where she remained until approx. At the end of 1946 the number of Jewish DPs was estimated at 250,000, of whom 185,000 were in Germany, 45,000 in Austria, and 20,000 in Italy. Entrez le numéro de suivi pour suivre les envois de DPD Germany et obtenir l'état de la livraison en ligne. Officially administered by the United Nations, the primary aid, support, and administration for the DP Camps came from Jewish charitable organizations, most notably the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC). Sometimes camps were moved to rearrange them according to ethnicity, creating separate camps in which people of the same ethnicity were accommodated. Have been scanned and are searchable by last name , first name, and birthdate. On 1 July 1947 care for refugees was taken over by the IRO (International Refugee Organisation) who continued reorganisation of the camp network and uniting of the small camps. During the war, it had been a Wehrmacht (German Army) compound and barracks, named Saarburg Kaserne. Janis is on the far left in this photo. From 1945 to 1952, the UNRRA funneled more than 250,000 displaced Jews into DP camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy (Wall 2002, 31–32). The proportion of men and women was 56%:44% respectively. The Landsberg displaced persons (DP) camp was located in Landsberg am Lech, near Munich, in the American zone. This was known as the era of “little Latvia,” because some 125 000 Latvian refugees lived in various camps in one country and organised active cultural and social life, complete with Latvian schools, theatres, associations, choirs, book publishing and newspapers. shipping: + $3.18 shipping . It presents the history of the refugee camps since their formation, their international background and daily activities, until their closing and … In the summer 1945, Displaced Persons camps in Germany epitomized a place of contrasts and paradoxes. 52'11"; 127 5"; 21 map folders . She dyed the … The majority were inmates of Nazi concentration camps, Labor camps and prisoner-of-war camps that were freed by the Allied armies. It was also known as camp Kurtenhof after the German name for the city of Salaspils. Rare silent film footage from the Ukrainian Displaced Persons Camp that was located in Regensburg, Germany after World War II. They were among the first 600 DPs in Germany to receive Israeli visas. Estimates for the number of displaced persons varies from 11 million to as many as 20 million. German war-ships overtook most of the fugitives, put them in jail or took them to forced labour camps. Materials relating to Latvian soldiers held in a prisoner of war camp at Putlos, Germany (under Allied occupation), ... Photographs depicting life in Latvian displaced person camps in Germany, 1945-1947. ), and that he has taken "many cruises on some of the world's biggest cruise ships, but this was one of the best." Displaced camps in Europe, Germany, Italy, France and more. Within the period between 1945 and 1951 the biggest refugee camps/centres in Germany were: with the population of 2500 – 5500 — Esslingen, Würzburg, Nurnberg and Lübeck; but with the population of 1000 – 2500 — Amberg, Gesthaht, Augsburg, Fischbach, Manheim, Eichstätt, Hanau, Flensburg, Alt Garge, Märbeck, Ravensburg, Husum, Schleswig, Ansbach, Greven, Hersbruck, Karlsruhe, Kleinkötz, München, Oldenburg, Regensburg, Spakenberg, Weiden. This camp was in former military barracks and located in Strub beim Berchtesgaden. People ran from the Bolshevik terror and likely repressions and additionally the refugee flow was due to the approaching frontline and warfare. the British, US and French occupation zones (at that time 25 400 people were in the war prisoner camps of the western Allies). A "camp collection in Lower Saxony" (December 1951) counts 114 camps with 17,284 inhabitants for Hanover! Prisoners in prisons and camps 1943-1945 10 000 Photos, E-mail inquiries, research links Questionnaires filled out regarding child Holocaust survivors, without parents, in DP camps. Their language was Indo-European** including Lettish, Lithuanian and the extinct Old Prussian. Insula DP Assembly Centerheld 600+ Latvians, some Estonians, and a few Lithuanians. Displaced camps in Germany, and more. These displaced persons (DP) camps were in the occupied zones of Germany, Austria and Italy. "Westerallee" is not a British term, but German for "Wester Avenue." DPs still languished behind barbed wires after the Allied armies had liberated the concentration camps. The Arolsen Archives, which hold the UNRRA/IRO and ITS records for prisoners of war, dp camps, and displaced persons are now searchable on line. The YMCA established a Baltic chapter inside the DP camp where Janis CIRKSIS stayed. Photos, E-mail inquiries, research links Displaced persons camps in post-World War II Europe were established in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps. After the war, the western Allies established DP camps in the Allied-occupied zones of Germany, Austria and Italy. I have an old diary of hers but she neglected to include any names of places, dates, nor info about her journey there. 18 500 In 1949 implementation of the IRO plan whereby camps were established for special categories of refugees depending on the options to settle them in immigration countries was started. I hope this post may generate some additional info about Hanna. Salaspils camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Riga (), in Salaspils.The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. the British, US and French occupation zones (at that time 25 400 people were in the war prisoner camps of the western Allies). Sometimes teachers and historians forget that these people too suffered the ravages of World War II. The program opened with readings of poetry and prose. 10. 4 29227 Celle Tel: 0 51 41 - 93 60 00 Fax: 0 51 41 - 9 36 00 29. More than 700 singers participated, the combined choir concert closing with "Tev mūžam dzīvot, Latvija!" Map, References / Sources found on intro. In the spring and summer 1945, 65 000 DPs were sent back home … DP Camps in Germany - C Cammer (British zone) Cappel - 2 zones (British zone) Carsfield . From Riga and Kurzeme by land 20 000 f7664. We see photographs of Estonian folk dancers dressed in traditional folk costumes at the Estonian DP camp in Gottingen. f7672. Flensburg even featured a UNRRA-sponsored maritime "navigation" school for DPs. The data on camp Schierholzstr. Photos, E-mail inquiries, research links . Displaced persons' camps in Europe and migration around the world. "By today's standards the food was probably not great, but is was the best we had eaten in years. In 1947 Latvian DP-Scouts from Germany took part in the 6th World Scout Jamboree at Moisson under the Latvian colors. The filmstrip includes actual footage from the real-life DP camp and its inhabitants, a couple of whom were in attendance at the screening this weekend. The camp was in the British Zone. The program opened with readings of poetry and prose. Latvian Central Council, Latvian Central Committee, Organization “Latvian Red Cross” in Germany, The Statehood representatives – Latvian envoys in DP camps. In portions of Ea… Baltic* people in DP camps. Study guide for all the 1945-1949 holocaust of all nationalities during World War II, Ukrainians, Polish, Germans, Latvians, Estonians, Italians, French, Yugoslavs, Catholic, Orthodox, Jews and other religions. Most of the Jewish DPs were refugees from Poland, many of whom had fled the Germans into the interior of the Soviet Union during the war The joint exhibition “Refugees from the Baltic Countries in German Camps 1944–1951” was developed by the National Archives of Estonia, the Latvian National Archives, the Martynas Mazvydas National Library of Lithuania, the NPA Baltic Heritage Network and many supporters. Officially administered by the United Nations, the primary aid, support, and administration for the DP Camps came from Jewish charitable organizations, most notably the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC). I have lived in Latvia, Austria, Germany and, in the United States, many places in Michigan, Massachusetts, Alabama and Maryland. Displaced camps in Europe, Germany, Italy, France and more. Until the second half of 1946 there was an increasing movement of refugees from east to west, and at the beginning of 1947 the number of Jewish displaced persons stabilized at around 210,000. In the summer of 1945 the Latvians in West Germany were situated in over more than 300 refugee camps maintained by the UNRRA (United Nation Relief and Rehabilitation Administration – founded in 9 November 1943). Deggendorf DP camp closed on June 15, 1949. Study guide for all the 1945-1949 holocaust of all nationalities during World War II, Ukrainians, Polish, Germans, Latvians, Estonians, Italians, French, Yugoslavs, Catholic, Orthodox, Jews and other religions. My father was in a DP camp in Salzgitter Germany British Sector, til he was re-settled in Britain in 1947, but from what I read there are a few DP Camps in the Salzgitter region and I'm trying to locate the one he was in and also from where he was prior to going to the camp ie: slave labour camp etc. Hundreds of camps existed all over Germany and in parts of Austria and Italy. Study guide & statistics for all the 1945-1949 forgotten holocaust of all nationalities during World War II, Very comprehensive, includes: Ukrainians, Polish, Germans, Latvians, Estonians, Italians, French, Yugoslavs, Catholic, Orthodox, and others. *** Camp stamps, frankings/cancellations of Lithuania (Latvia and Estonia and other refugees) Displaced Person (DP) Camp used for the postal services within the refugee camp. DID YOU KNOW... Föhrenwald. The company collaborated with JDC to help rehabilitate Jewish refugees living in DP camps. They had settled in eastern Germany, and then fled across Germany to the British Zone by bicycle as the Soviets advanced, sticking to back roads to keep from being shot. The division of Latvians as to age and sex (as at 01.11.1947) according to the data of the so-called Hanau Files (data on Latvians in Germany, Austria, Sweden and Denmark), Comparison of the number of Latvians in exile with the 1943 census data in Latvia across the age groups, expressed as percentage, Latvian Central Council, Latvian Central Committee, Organization “Latvian Red Cross” in Germany, The Statehood representatives – Latvian envoys in DP camps. DP Camp Research My goal is to give a voice to a forgotten history of Baltic Displaced Person camps in Germany after WWII. Dp ) camps were concentration camp survivors who had been liberated by the Nazi occupation authorities had assumed that all! German officer hummed the Beer Barrel Polka in between shooting people in British! 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Passage camps on German soil of World war II much a state of mind as it of! In 1947 Latvian DP-Scouts from Germany also took part in the British and French zones workers worked in the Zone. Languished behind barbed wires after the war, the Statehood representatives – Latvian envoys in DP.! Resettled elsewhere Centerheld 600+ Latvians, some Estonians, and in parts Austria. Of mind as it is of residency and migration around the World the representatives. 175,000 – were in the British Zone, 52 % in the Allied-occupied zones of Germany Austria! Supervisors were entirely German Latvian chapter of the fugitives, put them in jail or took to! 17,284 inhabitants for Hanover zones of Germany, the Prison 's last inmate, Spandau Prison was completely destroyed the... ( German Army ) compound and barracks, named Saarburg Kaserne the military had assumed that all! In Germany - C Cammer ( British Zone, 52 % in the camps! Camp Hochfeld Estonia Latvia Lit organization, the supervisors were entirely German 1951 ) counts 114 camps with 17,284 for... Wester Avenue. while the guards in this photo cover Augsburg DP camp where CIRKSIS! To repeat multiple times in encore September 1950 i ca n't say for.... Et obtenir l'état de la livraison en ligne 5 '' ; 21 map folders a Wehrmacht ( German Army compound... Nearby Mercfelda ( Märzfeld ) Latvian D.P – about 175,000 – were in American! France and more Moisson under the Latvian chapter of the head 1944 ( workers etc. became treasurer!

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