Gnetum; A list of all accepted names in Gnetaceae is available in CSV format. Both Gnetum species have significant value to many forest-based communities and have a number of vernacular and trade names. Pl. The tree as well as the fruit is popular by different names in different languages such as Haitian (Zibline), Tonga (Tapanima), Khmer (Spu), Laotian (Nak Fuang), Polish (Karambola) and others. Chaw, Shu-Miaw, Christopher L. Parkinson, Yuchang Cheng, Thomas M. Vincent, and Jeffrey D. Palmer. Heterochrony and developmental innovation: Evolution of female gametophyte ontogeny in Gnetum, a highly apomorphic seed plant. [8] However, the productivity of the vine appears to be resistant to a significant proportion of diseases. ex Blume Gnetum silvestris Brongn. It is high in glutamic acid, leucine, and aspartic acid, with low levels of histidine, and cysteine, while there appears to be trace amounts of tryptophan in the plant. The content of amino acids found in Gnetum africanum is similar to recommended levels by the FAO. Specifically, it has been suggested that the vine could be used as a complementary crop for rubber and oil trees. The gymnosperm division Gnetophyta has a small number of species (65) found within three genera: Ephedra, Gnetum, and Welwitschia. Aug 8, 2003 : Integrated Taxonomic Information System : ... Gnetum africanum Welw. There are about 40 species in one genus, Gnetum, which is the sole species in Gnetaceae Blume 1833, the sole family in Gnetales Blume ex von Martius 1835. Melinjo belongs to Gnetum family plant which originated from Indonesia. [10], Gnetum africanum is found mainly in the humid tropical forest regions of Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. File Metadata File Reference No. Gnetum (Gnetum gnemon) is an important agroforest spe­ cies in Southeast Asia and Melanesia, but unappreciated throughout the rest of the Pacific islands. Dating dispersal and radiation in the gymnosperm, Hoe, V.B. [8], Gnetum africanum has been found to be negatively impacted if grown on or next to termite infected wood or trees. Gnetum is a group of plants. Unlike other gymnosperms, they possess vessel elements in the xylem. There is an interesting case in the gymnosperm, Gnetum gnemonoides, where an extra copy of nad1 intron 2 and flanking exons is present in its mitochondrial genome and it appears to be of a flowering plant (asterid) origin (Won & Renner, 2003). 2006. Containing group: Gnetales. G. nodiflorum 5. G. leyboldii 4. and Siong, K.H., "The Nutritional Value of Indigenous Fruits and Vegetables in Sarawak,"Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Gnetophyta – Mormon tea and other gnetophytes Class Alternate Classifications: Species2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007: NCBI Taxonomy: Gnetum gnemon is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -7.69, which places it in position 787 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. The species is … Species of Gnetaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 1 plant genera. [5], Many Gnetum species are edible, with the seeds being roasted, and the foliage used as a leaf vegetable. [8] This is likely due to the fact that the vine is traditionally a wild vegetable. Basis of record: Artwork: Scientific name: Gnetum latifolium Blume: Catalog number: L.2096956: Collection code: Icones: Family: Gnetaceae: Genus: Gnetum: Specific epithet Gnetum is a genus of gymnosperms, the sole genus in the family Gnetaceae and order Gnetales. Gnemon) and three shrub forms (vars., brunonianum, griffithii and tenerum) The cultivated trees belong to Gnetum gnemon var. [3][4], Their leaves are rich in bioactive compounds, like flavonoids and stilbenes, which have "remarkable medical effects". Gnetum africanum (eru or African jointfir) is a vine gymnosperm species found natively throughout tropical Africa. [10] While Gnetum africanum is still largely considered a wild vegetable, if cultivated as a domesticated crop it may save time for women who previously would search for it in the forests.[8]. Of these 41 are accepted species names. G. paniculatum 6. Ephedra is an airway passage opener extraoidinaire. Scientific Name Bactrocera distincta, Bactrocera kirki, Bactrocera gnetum,Bactrocera obscura,Bactrocera passiflorae,Bactroceraspecies near passiflorae, and Bactrocera xanthodes. Species in Gnetum [10] Cutting seedlings is one practical alternative in harvesting the vine as opposed to destroying the entire crop by uprooting it. Scientific Name: Dendrobium spectabile Family: Orchidaceae Information: The grotesquely twisted and undulating flowers of Dendrobium spectabile never fail to provoke comments from visitors. Molecular phylogenies based on nuclear and plastid sequences from most of the species indicate hybridization among some of the Southeast A… Gravels varieties, Sticky rice varieties and Varieties of … It will grow in poor soils, even sandy or clay soils, but it prefers to grow in shaded locations. [9], Gnetum africanum may also be known as G. africanum or G. buchholzianum, and are the only two vine species from the gnetum family. 2000. [7] Input requirements for Gnetum africanum have not yet been established, and nutrient requirements are currently unknown as well. Gnetum urens. Gnetum africanum depletion is largely associated with tree felling and overexploitative forestry practices. Gnetum africanum has also been referred to as a form of ‘wild spinach’ in English. It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps. 1, 1998, pp 24-31, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Significance of Photosynthetic Characters in the Evolution of Asian Gnetum (Gnetales), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gnetum&oldid=995719895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:59. Linda Bonen, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2012. Melinjo is dioecious gymnosperm plant (has separated male and female reproduction organ), can reach height of 22 meters with conical trunk. Scientific Collections ... Gnetum gnemon Name Synonyms Gnetum polystachyum Reinw. The vine grows on trees in the wild. [3] Specifically, near Lekie, Cameroon, CIFOR has been helping the women remove an invasive plant species (kodengui), and replacing it with Gnetum africanum, in order to discourage regrowth of the invasive species and utilize the area for a more sustainable resource. [9] The vine is largely understudied and more research is needed to verify plant susceptibility and resilience to viruses, diseases, and fungi. Some species have been proposed to have been the first plants to be insect-pollinated as their fossils occur in association with extinct pollinating scorpionflies. 4: 477. The shade tolerant vine does not grow well in direct sunlight and can be found climbing on middle and under-story trees. The plant exists in several varieties, in particular there is the tree form (var. Thoa edulis Willd., Sp. The genus Gnetum is in the family Gnetaceae in the major group Gymnosperms (Conifers, cycads and allies). [2] Molecular phylogenies based on nuclear and plastid sequences from most of the species indicate hybridization among some of the Southeast Asian species. 3.3.2 Plant-to-plant horizontal transfer of introns. They are gymnosperms, meaning their seeds are "naked" and not covered unlike flowering plants. The plant has now been domesticated and grown for subsistence and commercial use among the Annang of Nigeria. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Gnetophyta – Mormon tea and other gnetophytes Class 1998. References. Probable Pollination Mode Before Angiosperms: Eurasian, Long-Proboscid Scorpionflies. Statistics. [6], genus of tropical gymnosperms in the family Gnetaceae. 8586 File Type IMAGE File Class PHOTO Download ~400x400 | Original Size: General Creation Date 2002-11-07 Scientific Name Gnetum leyboldii var woodsonianum It is the only group of plants found in Gnetaceae. How the fruit looks like after the skin is removed. Ren D, Labandeira CC, Santiago-Blay JA, Rasnitsyn A, Shih CK, Bashkuev A, Logan MA, Hotton CL, Dilcher D. (2009). Sustainable cultivation practices, such as harvesting the leaves regularly rather than uprooting the whole vine, allows for a more viable supplementary income throughout the year. [3] Furthermore, Gnetum africanum produces a root tuber that may be used as a source of famine food, and is similar to that of a yam. In the Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, DR of Congo and Angola, the two species are locally called koko. Fibre levels average approximately 33.4 g/100 g of dried Gnetum africanum leaves, while recommended daily intake of fibre is 30 g. Gnetum africanum has been noted as an anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant. Bot. [9] As Gnetum africanum is a wild forest vine, it tends to grow best in shaded areas. 2000. The vine grows in two ways: through rhizomes, or through new shoots that grow where the stem has been cut. Soltis, Douglas E., Pamela S. Soltis and Michael J. Zanis. The FAO has found that the vine is easier to reproduce by cutting seedlings rather than growing from seeds. [9] Finally, the seeds of the vine may also be eaten cooked. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Many of the species from the genus Ephedra are shrubs that can be found in desert regions of the Americas or in the high, cool regions of the Himalayan mountains in India. General Information Gnetum africanum is an evergreen climbing shrub producing twining, woody stems that can be 12 metres or more long from a tuberous rootstock The leaves may further be used as a remedy for nausea, sore throats, or as a dressing for warts. [1][2][3] Though bearing leaves, the genus Gnetum are gymnosperms, related to pine and other conifers. However, it has been noted that the vine grows best in well-shaded areas similar to that of a forest, as too much sunlight can burn the vine and produce substandard leaves for selling purposes. Gnemon and are larger, with larger fruits Gnetum is a family of gymnosperms, the sole genus in the family Gnetaceae and order Gnetales. Other Names for Gnetum. Homonyms Gnetum gnemon L. Common names Spanish joint-fir in English bago in language. The seeds of the vine resemble a fleshy fruit, sized 10–15 mm × 4–8 mm, and are red-orange in colour when fully ripe. Gnetum ula Brongn. 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