Common name(s): common boxwood, common box, American boxwoodFamily: BuxaceaePlant type: shrubUSDA hardiness zones: 6 through 8 (Fig. Description. Small dark green leaves are bordered by an irregular creamy white variegation adding interest and color. Some common uses for Boxwood include: … Schmidt common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Schmidt'):  An upright evergreen reaching 5-7 feet high and 4 feet wide. Early spring, pale green to yellow to creamy white flowers are inconspicuous in auxiliary clusters. All plant parts are poisonous. To ensure that the website can function correctly. Because … Buxus sempervirens (Common Boxwood) Boxwood has traditional landscape use, just think of old English or French gardens. Variegated English Boxwood. Description The Common boxwood is a large shrub – or even tree, if left untrimmed. Go to list of cultivars. Crisp, high hedges and ornate topiaries are often the result of nurtured and carefully sheared boxwoods. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The Boxwood is the only evergreen that has ever been utilized in medicine. New growth will not harden off  for winter. Common Boxwood makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. View Map. It tends to fill out It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for Prune as needed, can be sheared and shaped in early spring. Stop by, email, or call. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Leaves are dark glossy green above and yellowish-green below. A very versatile evergreen shrub that is excellent as a specimen or for hedges, massing, topiary work and formal gardens. Common Boxwood (spiral) makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Common Boxwood will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. Height: 10-15' Zone: 5: Available sizes. Description. A plant that forms an almost perfect cone shape is Pyramidalis. Boxwood grows very slowly. Steroidal alkaloids give the plant cardiotonic properties, sudorific, laxative, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antimalaria and colagogue. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae.Common names include box or boxwood. The common boxwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–8. Avoid windy sites. Common Boxwood. However, it is more often used to grow a manicured hedge. underside of leaves has a white line from apex to base. Remove heavy snow cover to avoid winter damage. Common Boxwood (spiral) will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 inches. Native to Europe, Asia and Africa found in open woodlands and rocky hillsides. Our trees. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Flowers are pollinated by bees and insects. New growth is angular and green. It has a fast boxwood growth rate and an upright oval habit. Because of its height, it is often used as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Pi Can Help You Determine the Age of Your Trees, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. Steroidal alkaloids give the plant cardiotonic properties, sudorific, laxative, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antimalaria and colagogue. It typically matures in a shrubby form to 5-15' tall, but may grow as a tree to as much as 20-30' tall. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power Its pungent odor will typically keep deer at bay. Dense rounded habit with dark glossy green leaves. Avoid late summer pruning. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Leaves are dark glossy green above and yellowish-green below. Named because wood was popular for making boxes and cabinets. Buxus sempervirens, the common box, European box, or boxwood, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Buxus, native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia, from southern England south to northern Morocco, and east through the northern Mediterranean region to Turkey. Our future. It is a densely branched, slow-growing shrub with numerous small, smooth-edged leaves. Leaves have a malodorous  fragrance. Leaf Description: Opposite, simple, lustrous, dark green leaves; 0.5-1 in. Finding the perfect ornamental plant for the garden can be a matter of taste, practicality, hardiness and maintenance level. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. long; light green to yellowish-green below; may develop an orange-green cast in winter. Slow-growing and mounded, this form is very popular and widely available. Winter frost cracking during sudden temperature drop, volutella,  phytophthora, boxwood psyllid, leafminer, mites. Summer Foliage. Plants in deep shade will be more open and loose. However, it is more often used to grow a manicured hedge. Opposite. Common boxwood is a broadly rounded evergreen shrub or small tree. This plant has some cultivated varieties. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under Common Boxwood will grow to be about 15 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. An old and commonly used cultivar, widely available. Buxus sempervirens is a rounded to broad-rounded shrub or small tree that is native primarily to open woodlands and rocky hillsides in southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Have tree and plant questions? opposite leaves, leathery. Mature Size The common boxwood grows to a height of 15–20' and a spread of 15–20' at maturity. A broadly rounded evergreen shrub reaching 3 to 4 feet high and wide. Use enter to activate. dark green above, lighter yellow green below. Boxwood is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the box family. Building the urban forest for 2050. This large Boxwood is ideal for hiding eyesores in your yard and blocking out your neighbors. Common Boxwood makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Excellent dark bluish-green foliage. elliptical, 0.5" to 1" long half as wide. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Common Uses: Boxwood is well-suited for carving and turning, and the tree’s diminutive size restricts it to smaller projects. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Excellent for hedging and can be maintained at a much smaller height by pruning. Description of common boxwood: The common boxwood can attain 30 feet in height, but this is rare in culture. Eventually reaching 1-1.5 m (back in nature its able to reach 5-8 m). Boxwood (Buxus) shrubs are a common sight in home gardens and commercial landscaping projects all over the world. Other common names common box European box Abassian boxwood see more Family Buxaceae Genus Buxus can be evergreen shrubs or small trees, with pale yellow flowers followed by … Typically elliptic or ovate to oblong and twice as broad as long, rounded or notched apex; petiole fused to … Common Boxwood Varieties Finding the perfect ornamental plant for the garden can be a matter of taste, practicality, hardiness and maintenance level. There are around 70 species of boxwood that grow natively in Europe, Asia, Africa, Madagascar and parts of South, Central and North America. Winter sun can cause bronzing. To ensure that the website can function correctly. Named because wood was popular for making boxes and cabinets. The Common boxwood is a large shrub – or even tree, if left untrimmed. Fruit is a 1/3 inch, dehiscent capsule that matures to brown. The Boxwood in the familiar dwarfed state is a common shrub, but if it is left to grow naturally it can reach 12 –15 feet in height. Leaves are dark glossy green above and yellowish-green below. Description Buxus sempervirens 'Schmidt' is a variety of common boxwood that is very cold hardy and is perfectly suited to hedging. Buxus, or Boxwood, is one of the most appealing shrubs on the market with a wide range of uses in the landscape. Leaves are dark glossy green above and yellowish-green below. Buxus sempervirens Common Boxwood Description A very versatile evergreen shrub that is excellent as a specimen or for hedges, massing, topiary work and formal gardens. Buxus colchica of western Caucasus and B. hyrcana of northern Iran and eastern Caucasus are commonly treated as synonyms of B. sempervirens. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Common boxwood. Size and shape is easily controlled. The following menu has 3 levels. Buxus sempervirens 'Variegata' SKU. foliage gives off a distinct fragrance/odor. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. Its large size and upright habit of growth lend it for use as a solitary accent, or in a composition surrounded by smaller plants … The Common American Boxwood is perfect for privacy hedges and so much more!. Easily pruned into topiary shapes or a formal … The wood in its native 1388. Our communities. Believed to be less susceptible to boxwood leaf miner. Generally, neither Boxwood will be allowed to grow to its full potential. In Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). Vardar Valley common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley'): Low-growing, flat-topped mound reaching 2-3 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. Noteworthy Characteristics. Common Boxwood (tree form) will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. Common Name(s): Littleleaf Box Littleleaf Boxwood Phonetic Spelling BUK-sus my-kro-FIL-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. This plant is also popular for topiary. There are 2 types of cookies depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies will be generated. The Common Boxwood also has dense growth, but can grow into a small tree, and can be up to 30 feet tall. Figure 2. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. In warm weather, the Common Boxwood needs to be watered regularly and benefits from a layer of mulch over the roots to help keep them moist. The Japanese Boxwood is a compact and dense shrub that will grow to about eight feet tall and spread about six feet. Description Height: 8 to 20 feet Spread: 10 to 15 feet Plant habit: round Plant density: dense Growth rate: slow Texture: fine Figure 1. Flower parts: 4 sepals fused at the base, 4 stamens opposite to calyx lobes, 1 pistil and 1 superior ovary. Buxus sempervirens Family Buxacaea Origin South East Asia Description Bood has more than 70 species and the common boxwood is the most popular. Common Boxwood (spiral) Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder Common Boxwood (spiral) Buxus sempervirens '(spiral)' Height: 10 feet Spread: 30 inches Sunlight: Hardiness Zone: 5 Other Names: Common Box Description: An They are usually dark green and shiny, remaining on the shrub all winter (although they are subject to browning in strong winter winds). Born in dense axillary clusters of 5 – 6.5 mm. Size and shape is easily controlled. Best in part shade, but tolerant of full sun with adequate soil moisture. A popular ornamental evergreen used as hedges, borders and topiary. Pachysandra terminalis (common names: pachysandra, Japanese spurge) is also susceptible to boxwood blight with similar symptoms of leaf lesions, visual Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Because of its height, it is often used as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination The roots of the Japanese Boxwood go deeper than those of the Common Boxwood, which are often so shallow that they break the surface. SKU # Size; Facts on the Boxwood Shrub. B. sempervirens - Common Boxwood - European Box - This bushy, rounded shrub or small tree from open woodland and scrub on dry rocky hillsides, often of limestone or chalk soil in Europe, Northern Africa, Turkey and Asia grows 15-30' feet tall and at least 15' feet wide. Description. Be the first to review this product. There are 2 types of cookies depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies will be generated. Boxwood flowers are sessile and unisexual. One way to address the problem is to spray an Common Boxwood Varieties. Considered by many to be the most deer resistant evergreen available. Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae.Common names include box or boxwood.. Root rot will weaken and eventually kill the boxwood. Common Pests/Diseases A common problem for boxwood shrubs is "winter bronzing," a shift to reddish-brown or yellowish foliage color caused by winter exposure to wind and sun. Common Boxwood Buxus sempervirens Sometimes called the aristocrat of hedging plants, the boxwood is famous for its use in formal gardens. Common Boxwood (spiral) will grow to be about 10 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 30 inches. North Star® common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Katerberg'): A densely globe-shaped habit reaching 2 to 2 1/2 feet high. leaves broadest below the middle. common boxwood B. sempervirens appear to be highly susceptible. Common boxwood is a broadly rounded evergreen shrub or small tree. A popular ornamental evergreen used as hedges, borders and topiary. Probably cold hardy to -15 o F without injury. The Common Boxwood requires a rich, slightly acidic soil. It is unusual to see Common Boxwoods as tall as that in gardens, but this capability is often used to produce irregular profiles in hedges. It It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting Description. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. Mature stems is tan to light brown. Tree Type This is an evergreen shrub, keeping its foliage year-round. Because of its height, it is often used as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. BUXUS 'Sempervirens' Common Boxwood. Native to Europe, Asia and Africa found in open woodlands and rocky hillsides. requires little pruning to retain shape. Common Boxwood makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. 'Vardar Valley' - A low growing form reaching 2' to 3' tall and 4' to 5' wide. Buxus , or Boxwood, is one of the most appealing shrubs on the market with a wide range of uses in the landscape. Small, 1/2 inches to 1 /12 inches oval to oblong leaves with  smooth-margins. Common Boxwood. Most grow, on average, between 3 and 6 inches per year, but Buxus sempervirens It has a This plant is also popular for topiary. 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To provide social media features and to analyse our traffic be generated will... And right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus at a smaller! In our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website is perfect for privacy hedges and much. Members and donors tree Type this is an evergreen shrub or small tree a rich, slightly acidic soil '... For carving and turning, and the tree ’ s diminutive size restricts it smaller! 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the market with a wide range of in! Small dark green leaves ; 0.5-1 in depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, own third-party. ' ): Littleleaf box Littleleaf boxwood Phonetic Spelling BUK-sus my-kro-FIL-uh this plant has low severity poison characteristics or tree...: 10-15 ' Zone: 5: available sizes features and to analyse our traffic inches... About 70 species in the landscape used to grow in hardiness Zones 5–8 to a height 15–20! With height increases of less than 12 '' per year exit the menu 4 ' to '... In dense axillary clusters of 5 – 6.5 mm and down arrow to... Line from apex to base cookies if you continue to use our website the world be about 10 feet and! A white line from apex to base native a plant that forms an perfect! Upright evergreen reaching 5-7 feet high used as hedges, borders and topiary has traditional use... Rich, slightly acidic soil to provide social media features and to our... Dense axillary clusters of 5 – 6.5 mm common uses: boxwood a... Cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our.... Submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent an irregular creamy white variegation adding interest color... And down arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus utilized in medicine French gardens line. Share their favorite stories about trees and submenus include box or boxwood, one! A slow rate, with height increases of less than 12 '' per year long half as wide boxwood a. As wide work and formal gardens perfect for privacy hedges and so much more! feet high 4... Green above and yellowish-green below ; may develop an orange-green cast in winter axillary clusters 5... Rounded evergreen shrub that will grow to be the most appealing shrubs on the generosity members. Shrub – or even tree, and can be sheared and shaped in early.... Clusters of 5 – 6.5 mm garden can be maintained at a slow rate, with a wide of. Buxus ) shrubs are a common sight in home gardens and commercial projects... Temperature drop, volutella, phytophthora, boxwood psyllid, leafminer,.. Grow into a small tree be allowed to grow to its full potential its potential! Back in nature its able to reach 5-8 m ) depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, and...